The best way to fast the day of āshūra | Shaykh Sālih bin Fawzān Al-Fawzān
Question: May Allāh grant you good Noble Shaykh. There has occurred some doubt and disturbance amongst the people concerning affirming the day of āshūra. The question: Is there any blame upon the person who fasts the ninth, the tenth, and the eleventh day of āshūra in order to ensure he catches the day of āshūra; then in addition to this, does he obtain the virtue of fasting three days from every month?
Answer: Al Imām Ibn Al-Qayyim – in Zādil Ma’ād when speaking about the fast of āshūra – he said the fasting is of three types.
The first type: This is for him to fast the day of āshūra (10th of Muharram), the day before it (9th of Muharram) and the day after it (11th of Muharram), three days. And he said this is most complete. This is the best method, for the person to fast the day of āshūra, the day before it and the day after. Thus, this will be a total of three days.
The second type: For the person to fast the day of āshūra and the day before it or the day after it, he is fasting two days.
The third type: For the person to only fast the day of āshūra, just one day.
The best way is for him to fast three days, the second best method is to fast two days, and if he fast only one day, the day of āshūra, this is permissible. This is permissible but it is in contrast to what the Prophet ﷺ ordered, when he commanded us to fast the day before it or the day after it. But it is permissible, and he will receive the reward for what he has fasted.
But fasting these days for āshūra does not take the place for fasting three days from the month because fasting three days from every month is something separate. And the best days to fast the three days are on the 13th, 14th and 15th; the ‘white days’. These are the best days to fast the three days. But if he fast the three days in the beginning of the month, the middle of the month or the end of the month, there is no problem with this.
And fasting three days from every month is separate from the fast of āshūra. This is the Sunnah and this is also the Sunnah. And likewise this is separate from fasting every Monday and Thursday during the week. Every Sunnah has its place. Na’am.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Translation source: http://mtws.posthaven.com/