Questioner: What does ‘hizbiyah’ (partisanship) mean? What is meant by saying: so-and-so has Hizbiyah? Who are the ‘hizbiyoon’ and what is their dawah and methodology?
Shaykh Rabee ibn Hadee al-Madkhalee:
Everyone who opposes the Salafi methodology is from among the partisan groups of misguidance, hizbiyah has no conditions. Allāh named the previous nations ‘Ahzaab’ (partisan groups) and named the Quraish when they came together [against theMessenger ﷺ] Ahzaab. They had no organisation or anything of the sort.
Therefore, a hizb (a partisan group) is not necessarily organised. If the hizb is organised, then it has increased in corruption. Fanatically clinging to a specific ideology that opposes the Book of Allh and the Sunnah of the Messenger ﷺ, and basing loyalty to people and disassociation from them because of it, then this is tahazzub (partisanship)! This is partisanship even if it is not organized. Adopting a deviant ideology and gathering people upon it, this is a hizb; whether organised or not.
As long as their togetherness is for the sake of a person who opposes the Book of Allah and the Sunnah, then this is a hizb. The disbelievers that fought against the messenger ﷺ did not have the organization that is present nowadays and Allāh still referred to them as Ahzaab, how come?! Because they formed a partisan confederation to aid falsehood and wage war against the truth – and they disputed using falsehood to refute therewith the truth. “And the ‘Ahzaab’ after them denied (their Messengers), and every (disbelieving) nation plotted against their Messenger to seize him, and dispute using falsehood to refute therewith the truth”. [Surah Ghafir: 5] Allāh called them Ahzaab – may Allāh bless you – they formed an alliance consisting of the Quraish, Gatafaan, Quraidtha, and various tribes; they were not organised. They became a confederation so Allāh called them ‘Ahzaab’ and the surah is named ‘Suratul-Ahzaab’; were they organised?!
So a Hizb is not necessarily organised. If they believe in a false ideology and argue in favour of it and dispute [in defense of it] then this is a hizb. If in addition to that they are organised – may Allāh bless you – and they collect wealth etc. then of course, it is fully engaged in Hizbiyah and has become one of the Hizbi groups of misguidance – Allāh’s refuge is sought.
Translated by ‘Abd ar-Rahman Hugh